Notes about Mapping the Book of Mormon Lands

These are unedited notes which may or may not be correct  and may change or be added to.

Getting Things straight

1.        Joseph Smith translated the Book of Mormon by divine power and it is the most correct book (1) of
scripture that we presently have.
2.        He translated it into the English language based on what he spoke and the use of words and directions
with which he was familiar. This is not necessarily the same as what we are accustomed to in our urban culture
of today. However, it is a true and correct translation. We must, therefore assume that all directions were
translated correctly and did not result from a misunderstanding by Joseph Smith of the Book of Mormon
culture in relation to the agrarian culture of upper New York State in the early 1800s.
3.        The Book of Mormon is a lineage history, an abridgement of many records recorded (with great
difficulty) on a limited number of gold plates and therefore many descriptions of activities described and
battles may be more abbreviated and shortened than what we might expect from a contemporary description
of similar events.
4.        We must accept geographical descriptions,  as carrying more weight in determining relative locations
than distances calculated by assuming travel distances based on calculations of the time it took to carry out
different and varied activities described in the Book of Mormon. There should be agreement with the type of
geography and the nature of the activity, but the size or the distance covered may be greater or less than our
assumptions would suggest. However, all areas described should be in the right place with respect to what is
said in the text. This may require us to reexamine our preconceived assumptions and their effect on our
interpretation of the scriptural text.
5.        And finally, we must take great care in attempting to fit our map to areas based on the existence of
ruins and our assumptions about their identity to book of Mormon locations.
6.        We must, however, base our assumptions on the known data concerning the cultures of Mesoamerica,
the times these cultures existed and the geographic areas they occupied. Eg. the Jaredite culture must
coincide with a culture which existed between no earlier than 3000 B.C. and which essentially disappeared
shortly before the birth of Christ. The Olmec culture is generally accepted to have existed during this time. We
could , of course, assume a very limited area where little or no data is available and propose anything which
pleases. This is inconsistent with population descriptions and statements in the Book of Mormon about the
extent to which the lands were occupied. It is unreasonable to think that Joseph Smith would have inaccurately
translated these concepts. The Olmec culture occupied the lowland areas on the Atlantic coast from Veracruz  
on the West to Villa Hermosa on the east. The Jaredite culture must, therefore, occupy all or some portion of
this area and not an area on the Pacific coast. On the other hand, The Nephite culture ended before 600 A.D.
and cannot be equated with either the Aztec or Inca cultures which did not arise until after 1000 A.D. The
Nephite culture is more difficult to identify, because it coexisted with the Lamanite culture which, as reported in
the Book of Mormon, was always more numerous than the Nephites and did not disappear at the same time
as the Nephite culture. In fact it may have flourished after the destruction of  their arch rivals, the Nephites.



Narrow Passage and Narrow Neck

Narrow Passage
Alma 50:34, Mormon 2:29, Mormon 3:5
And it came to pass that they did not ahead• them until they had come to the borders of the land bDesolation•;
and there they did head them, by the narrow pass which led by the sea into the land northward, yea, by the
sea, on the west and on the east.

Located on the borders of the Land Desolation
“narrow pass which led by the sea into the land northward, yea, by the sea, on the west and on the east.”
It led into the land northward from the borders of the land Desolation. There is no mention  of which border is
involved.
It was by the sea. Which sea?
The rest of the verse is ambiguous as to whether it refers to the narrow passage or to the sea or seas to which
it was near.

Since “by the sea” is used to note its relationship as leading into the land northward, east and west could refer
to a northward-southward strip of land with a sea on the east and west.
However “by the sea” is again used to refer to the passage with the modifiers “on the east and on the west”
suggesting that the passage is an east-west corridor next to the sea beginning at it’s east end and ending
next to the sea again at it’s west end.

The second interpretation could be the result of an area where the sea extends inland forming a bay or harbor
such as is often found at the mouth of rivers where they empty into the sea. . Ether describes such an area as
being near or part of the Narrow Neck “where the sea divides the land”. It could also be an area where the land
juts out into the sea such as a peninsula or a mountainous area next to the seashore.

Sorenson uses the first interpretation and Hauck uses the second interpretation.

This scripture does not mention the Narrow Neck but does mention the people of the land of Bountiful, who
might be persuaded to go with them if they were not stopped. This suggests that the people of  Morianton had
to pass by or through the land Bountiful on their way to the Narrow Passage. It also could imply that they were
stopped before they got to Bountiful and that Bountiful is at the entry into the Narrow Passage(Sorenson’s
interpretation). However, since Moroni sent troops to stop Morianton’s group, it is unlikely that they took time
to stop and try to persuade others to go with them for fear of not getting to the pass before Teancum’s army. It
is also unlikely that they were unaware that troops had been sent to stop them. In fact they were fleeing
because they knew that Moroni was on his way to stop their attempt to take over land in the territory of Lehi.
This would suggest that they went by Bountiful without stopping and that they could do this without coming into
contact with the people in the land Bountiful and/or any of Moroni’s troops. The Narrow passage was
apparently the last place that could stop them from getting into the land northward and it was narrow enough
that they could not sneak by without being seen. The fact that Teancum was unable to stop them before this,
suggests that they had various optional routes before they arrived at that point.

The Land bountiful is critical to defense of the Narrow Passage. Alma 52:9.


Narrow Neck
Alma 22:32, Alma 63:5, Ether 10:20
Alma 22: 32
And now, it was only the adistance• of a day and a half’s journey for a Nephite, on the line Bountiful and the
land Desolation, from the east to the west sea; and thus the land of Nephi and the land of Zarahemla were
nearly surrounded by water, there being a small bneck• of land between the land northward and the land
southward

The Narrow Neck is first mentioned in Alma’s description of the lands occupied by the Lamanites and the
Nephites. This is the only general description of all the lands both Lamanite and Nephite and their relationship
to each other.

It is described as a small neck of land between the land northward and the land southward. It is used as a
qualifier to enhance the statement that the land of Nephi and the Land of Zarahemla were nearly surrounded
by water.

It is significant that, although Alma used the word sea to describe the location of the narrow passage, he uses
the word water here. In the Book of Mormon water usually refers to lakes or rivers. Eg the waters of Mormon
and the waters of the river Sidon. Perhaps he was using the term do denote that the borders of the lands  were
determined by the seas and one or more large rivers. There not existing a river or combination of rivers which
passed through the Narrow neck. Northern Guatamala is full of rivers, the largest of which is the Usamacinta. It
is unlikely that the Nephites were unaware of its existence, so it may have been referred to here as one of the
waters that bordered the land.

It is also possible that Mormon was contrasting the lands occupied by the Nephites and the Lamanites as
being abundantly supplied with water, lakes, rivers and rainfall, as opposed to a much drier, less abundant  in
available water, in the area of the Narrow neck. Recent investigations have demonstrated that there was a
much greater abundance of water in the Chiapas, Guatamala, Yucatan and Belize areas during BOM times
than there is today.

51.        Alma 63: 5
And it came to pass that Hagoth, he being an aexceedingly• curious man, therefore he went forth and built him
an exceedingly large ship, on the borders of the land bBountiful•, by the land Desolation, and launched it forth
into the west sea, by the cnarrow• neck which led into the land northward.

It is next mentioned as the location where Hagoth built and launched his ship. The ship was built on the border
between the land desolation and the land Bountiful and lauched into the west sea which in turn was by the
Narrow Neck which led into the land northward. This implies that it was possible to get to the Land northward
by way of the Narrow Neck. This is not the same as a Narrow passage which can be defended and used to
stop people from going into the land northward.

Ether 10: 20
And they built a great city by the anarrow• neck of land, by the place where the sea divides the land.

Ether describes the building of a city near the narrow neck and by the place where the sea divides the land.
This could be in reference to the nature of this locality as an isthmus or to an area where there was land on
both sides of an area which was periodically flooded by the Sea. The lowland area of the Coatzacoalcos river
valley which is between La Venta and San Andres Tuxtla  is in agreement with this description according to
Sorensen. This is in agreement with modern maps which show that the river valley from the Sea to well inland
is subject to periodic flooding. Satelite maps also show this area to be as low as 50 to 100 feet above sea
level. 2500 years ago, the river delta may have been a good distance further inland and has since been filled
in by silt which would increase the width of the Narrow Neck of today as compared to Book of Mormon times.

In summary, we have both a Narrow Neck and a Narrow Passage which are apparently different features
which may or may not be near each other since they are never mentioned in the same text. The Narrow
passage is a Nephite term and the Narrow Neck is both a Jaredite and a Nephite term. There are four areas
near the Isthmus of tehuantepec which are candidates for the narrow passage. There is little doubt from the
description of the narrow neck that this refers to some type of isthmus and is in all probability the Isthmus of
Tehuantepec.

The four are as follows:
1.        The passage through the isthmus itself. This is unlikely since it goes north to south and has no seas on
either side.
2.        The narrow strip of land on the south side of the isthmus which has several large bays and runs from
east to west. It is unlikely since the west end does not lead into the land north ward and in fact is blocked by
large mountains to the north. The narrow strip of costal land east of the Bays however does qualify since it
enters into the north by way of the passage through the isthmus. There is also a hill by the seashore which
separates the actual passage from the sea between the east and west ends of the passage. This is the
passage favored by Hauck.
3.        If the Coatzacoalcos  river basin was flooded by the sea most of the time in Book of Mormon times,
then there would only be a narrow east-west passage north of the rugged barancas and east of the passage
through the isthmus between the point where the Grijalva river leaves the highlands and the passage through
the isthmus, which would lead into the land north. This location, near the headwaters of the Coatzacoalcos
river, would also fit the description being by the sea at both it’s eastern and western ends. Sorenson places
his path at the mouth of the Coaatzacoalcos river rather than near the present headwaters of this river.
Otherwise it is in the same geographic area and joins the same areas.
4.        The last area that fits the description is the passage west of the Coatzacoalcos river valley , which
leads inland around San Andres Tuxtla  and returns to the sea to the west.

Seas

2 Ne. 10: 20
And now, my beloved brethren, seeing that our merciful God has given us so great knowledge concerning
these things, let us remember him, and lay aside our sins, and not hang down our heads, for we are not cast
off; nevertheless, we have been adriven• out of the land of our inheritance; but we have been led to a bbetter•
land, for the Lord has made the sea our cpath•, and we are upon an disle• of the sea.
There are 81 references to the word sea in The Book of Mormon. The first thirty are in the small plates of
Nephi and refer to the Red sea, the sea which they crossed, or to isles and sands of the sea. Eg.  2 Nephi 10:
20.
1.        Alma 3: 3
And now as many of the Lamanites and the Amlicites who had been slain upon the bank of the river Sidon
were cast into the awaters• of Sidon; and behold their bones are in the depths of the bsea•, and they are many.


Starting in Alma, we find the word sea used as a geographical location. Alma 3:3. This verse indicates that
the nephites were aware that the the river sidon  eventually emptied into the sea without any intervening lakes
where the bodies might settle and collect. This is not true of many of the rivers in Central America which empty
into lakes.

1.        Alma 22: 27
And it came to pass that the king sent a aproclamation• throughout all the land, amongst all his people who
were in all his land, who were in all the regions round about, which was bordering even to the sea, on the east
and on the bwest•, and which was divided from the land of cZarahemla• by a narrow strip of wilderness, which
ran from the sea east even to the sea west, and round about on the borders of the seashore, and the borders
of the wilderness which was on the north by the land of Zarahemla, through the borders of dManti•, by the head
of the eriver• Sidon, running from the east towards the west—and thus were the Lamanites and the Nephites
divided.

Here there is an explicit reference to a sea on the east, a sea on the west and strip of wilderness joining the
sea east to the sea west. Two seas are named and there location on the east and on the west is indicated.

1.        Alma 22: 32
And now, it was only the adistance• of a day and a half’s journey for a Nephite, on the line Bountiful and the
land Desolation, from the east to the west sea; and thus the land of Nephi and the land of Zarahemla were
nearly surrounded by water, there being a small bneck• of land between the land northward and the land
southward.

This scripture is an excellent example of how our culture, customs or preconceived ideas leads to the
assumption that more detail or meaning is present or that there is only one interpretation of the scripture. This
scripture says “from the east” with no mention of a sea. I can be in Chicago, which is well east of California
and considered by Californians to be “in the East” and travel “from the east” to Los Angeles Which is “in the
west”  by the Pacific Ocean. For that matter, I can travel from Arizona, which is east of California “from the
East” and no where near the Atlantic Ocean, to Los Angeles “in the west” and “to the Pacific Ocean. Our
assumption that this line is the same as the small neck mentioned later in the same verse, leads us to add the
word sea after the word east and thence conclude that “small neck and  “from the east sea to the west sea”
refer to the same geographical object. A careful reading of the verse however shows that the journey of a
nephite is along the “line” which separates Bountiful from the Land Desolation and that this line starts in the
“east” and ends at the “west sea”. There is no information to indicate how far east this starting point is located.
A further complication of the wrong assumptions for this verse, leads to the conclusion that the small neck is
also the boundary between the Land Bountiful and the Land Desolation. The verse only says that there is a
small neck of land, possibly devoid of significant water, which completes the combined border which enclosed
both the Land of Zarahemla and the Land of Nepji and separates the land northward from the land southward.
There is no reason to conclude that the land Desolation is in the land northward and the land Bountiful is in the
land southward, which is the conclusion reached by reading into the verse an unjustified assumption.
This verse simply describes a commonly used via of communication joining some point on the east with the
west sea. A specific reference to a west sea, however, not necessarily referring to an east sea. In this
description, verses 27-32, Alma specifically mentions only two seas, (both in conjunction with the border
between the Land of Nephi and the Land of Zarahemla, NOT the border between Bountiful and Desolation),
but then says that the combined lands of Nephi and Zarahemla are nearly surrounded by water. This suggests
a much more extensive coastline than that found at the east and west seas. It might also indicate the existence
of another large river on the north or south border which served as a boundary to the lands mentioned. The
Usamacinta river travels through the central lowlands of Northern Guatamala and eastern Mexico where it joins
with the Grijalva river and then empties into the gulf of Mexico north of the Chiapas Highlands. Since the
Nephites in Zarahemla were a highland people it is possible that although they may have used the
Usamacinta river for transportation, the lowland portion, at least, was not part of the land, being in the lowlands
and only formed part of the border of the land.

1.        Alma 22: 33
And it came to pass that the Nephites had inhabited the land Bountiful, even from the east unto the west sea,
and thus the Nephites in their wisdom, with their guards and their armies, had hemmed in the Lamanites on
the south, that thereby they should have no more possession on the north, that they might not overrun the land
northward.

This verse describes the Land Bountiful as a land that extended from the east (again from the east, NO SEA,
to the West Sea (perhaps the same eastern location mentioned in Alma 22:32 which was east on a line or
border of the land Bountiful). It also indicates that the Land of Bountiful was occupied to prevent the Lamanites
from getting access to the land Northward. Since, geographically, there are two possible paths to the land
northward, it would indicate that the land bountiful extended through the land such that it blocked both
passages.

1.        Alma 27: 22
And it came to pass that the voice of the people came, saying: Behold, we will give up the aland• of
bJershon•, which is on the east by the sea, which joins the land Bountiful, which is on the south of the land
Bountiful; and this land Jershon is the land which we will give unto our brethren for an inheritance.

This verse describes the land Jershon. Again we have a problem as to what geographic feature refers to the
Land of Jershon and what refers to the Land Bountiful. Since “on the east by the sea” immediately follows
Jershon, it most likely refers to Jershon being in the eastern part of the land  which in turn is “by the sea”. It is
also possible that “by the sea”  refers to the Land of Jershon as being “by the sea”. The description “which
joins the land Bountiful” could refer to either Jershon or the land “on the east by the sea” since the location of
Jershon has already been specified. It is most likely that all of the descriptions refer to the Land of Jershon
since it is the primary subject of the verse. It would indicate that Jershon is in the eastern part of the land
(possibly by the sea) on the south of the Land Bountiful with at least the north border in common with the Land
Bountiful. At the minimum, The land of Jershon is east of Zarahemla and south of The Land Bountiful. The
headwaters of three rivers which join to form the Usamacinta river are located in an area east of the Upper
Grijalva river valley in Guatamala. It is between the Grijalva river valley and Coban about halfway to Belize on
the eastern seashore.

51.        Alma 44: 22
And it came to pass that they did cast their dead into the waters of Sidon, and they have gone forth and are
buried in the depths of the sea.

This verse again indicates that Alma knew that the Sidon river emptied into the sea. He does not give the sea
a specific name however. This may have been because this particular sea was not considered part of the
Land  belonging to the Nephites or Lamanites. If this sea were part of the East sea as suggested by
Sorenson,  then it is strange that in both instances concerning the fact that bodies cast into the Sidon end up
in the sea, there is no indication of which sea was involved. It may also be possible that , since the east and
west seas had minimal coast line, that this sea having the longest coast line since “the land of Nephi and the
land of Zarahemla were nearly surrounded by water”, there was no need to indicate it’s geographical location.
Everybody knew where it was. It is also indicative that the River Sidon was a relatively fast running river such
that it would carry bodies to or near the sea before they sank or decomposed. The Usamacinto River is a
large river which shows up quiet distinctly in Satelite maps of the region. It is also located for a very long part
of its length in the lowlands along the Guatamala-Mexico border. The Grijalva River, however travels through
the Chiapa highlands until shortly before it empties into the Usamacinto River near the Gulf of Mexico. It goes
through deep canyons , northwest of the highland river valley, has been recently damned in several places and
provides a large part of Mexico’s hydroelectric power. Since these are the only two rivers in the region which
are long enough to be the River Sidon, the Grijalva River is the only one of the two that fits the descriptions of
the Sidon River, It is reasonable to assume that the Grijalva and the Sidon are the same river. This gives at a
minimum an indication of where Zarahemla is located within the Mesoamerican cultural area.

Alma 50: 8
And the land of aNephi• did run in a straight course from the east sea to the west.

This verse indicates that the land of Nephi began at the East sea and extended toward the west. It does not
say that it reached the west sea. Sorensen places Nephi at the presence location of Guatamala City. This
makes his assumption that the lands on the eastern seashore are actually located on the gulf of Mexico and
not in Belize a very difficult assumption  to either accept or to rationalize. Guatamala City , although it is not on
the Atlantic seashore, is much closer to the Atlantic than it is to the gulf of Mexico.

Alma 50: 11
And thus he cut off all the strongholds of the Lamanites in the east wilderness, yea, and also on the west,
fortifying the line between the Nephites and the Lamanites, between the land of Zarahemla and the land of
Nephi, from the west sea, running by the head of the ariver• Sidon—the Nephites possessing all the land
bnorthward•, yea, even all the land which was northward of the land Bountiful, according to their pleasure.

This verse describes a defense line extending from the west sea and separating the lamanites from entry into
the eastern wilderness. This line ran from the west sea to a point east of the headwaters of the River Sidon
and was “between the Land of Zarahemla and the Land of Nephi”. It also indicates that the Nephites
possessed all the land northward to beyond the land Bountiful which appears to or may be Northward from the
Land of Nephi.

Alma 50: 13
And it came to pass that the Nephites began the foundation of a city, and they called the name of the city
aMoroni•; and it was by the east sea; and it was on the south by the line of the possessions of the Lamanites.

This verse indicates that the nephites are beginning to expand to the East  and are building a city by the east
sea. It was on the south and near the line which separated the Nephites from the Lamanites.  This city was
built after settling the people Anti-Nephi-Lehi in the Land of Jershon. Alma 27: 22 This places the Land of
Jershon between the southeast corner of Nephite lands and the city of Zarahemla, north of the line separating
the nephites and the lamanites.

Alma 52: 11
And he also said unto him, I would come unto you, but behold, the Lamanites are upon us in the borders of the
land by the west sea; and behold, I go against them, therefore I cannot come unto you.

This verse does not indicate any relative location, only that the lamanites had launched an offensive by the
west sea.

Alma 52: 12
Now, the king (Ammoron) had adeparted• out of the land of Zarahemla, and had made known unto the queen
concerning the death of his brother, and had gathered together a large number of men, and had marched forth
against the Nephites on the borders by the west sea.

Ammaron leaves Zarahemla and goes to the borders by the West Sea

Alma 52: 13
And thus he was endeavoring to harass the Nephites, and to draw away a part of their forces to that part of the
land, while he had commanded those whom he had left to possess the cities which he had taken, that they
should also harass the Nephites on the borders by the east sea, and should take possession of their lands as
much as it was in their power, according to the power of their armies.

Ammoron tries to entice the Nephites to move there forces to the West Sea and abandon their holdings by the
east sea so that those he had left behind could regain the possessions taken from them by the nephites, no
additional geographic information.

Alma 53: 8
And now it came to pass that the armies of the Lamanites, on the west sea, south, while in the absence of
Moroni on account of some intrigue amongst the Nephites, which caused adissensions• amongst them, had
gained some ground over the Nephites, yea, insomuch that they had obtained possession of a number of their
cities in that part of the land.

The nephites had built cities on the west sea, possibly along the border of the southern and western quarters
near the west sea.

Alma 53: 22
And now it came to pass that Helaman did march at the head of his atwo• thousand stripling soldiers, to the
support of the people in the borders of the land on the south by the west sea.

Helaman marched from the Land of Jershom to the West sea. This verse indicates that some of the land by
the west sea was also on the south. This is comparable to Moroni being built on the east sea on the south.
This establishes the cities located on the borders to the southeast and to the southwest. We have no name for
the ones on the west yet.

Hel. 3: 8
And it came to pass that they did multiply and spread, and did go forth from the land southward to the land
northward, and did spread insomuch that they began to cover the face of the whole earth, from the sea south
to the sea north, from the sea awest• to the sea east.

This is the only verse that mentions seas in all directions. There are those who say that this is only a
description and does not indicate that the seas actually exist. The verse, however, uses these terms in
connection with the land northward and the land southward which are consistently used as geographically
significant directions. This would suggest that these terms do indeed indicate the existence of actual seas
located in each of the cardinal compass directions. I would remind you again that Joseph translated the Book
of Mormon by divine inspiration. He was however limited to the language he knew and the concepts he
understood with respect to direction. In agrarian communities, it is still common to denote the land south of the
central farm house as the south forty. This derived from the governmental issuing of homesteads in squares of
160 acres each. If you divided the land into four quarters, of 40 acres each, by drawing lines from the center to
each corner, the area south of the center was the south quarter or the south 40. This was common usage in
Joseph Smith’s time. XXXX reports in his book about the journeys of Mormon and Moroni that this way of
dividing the land is also used by the Mayan Indians of  Central America. Archeological research has
determined that this was an established practice in this area for thousands of years. The Mayans, however,
use a different way to quarter their land which is based on a rectangle instead of a square. The corners of the
rectangle are determined by drawing a line from the direction of the sunrise at it’s most northern position
through the center and extending it to the opposite corner in a southwesterly direction. A second line is drawn
from the position of sunrise at the sun’s most southern position through the center to the northwest corner.  By
doing this the corners of the land to the east at sunrise serve as a constant indication of the days of the solar
calendar. This information was necessary in order to know when to plant and when harvest to take advantage
of the rain and avoid flood season. This process results in four quarters . These correspond to the cardinal
points of the compass.  If we make a transparency  on which we draw two lines which intersect at 48 degrees
(The angle dictated by the location of the specified sunrises) and lay this over the area south of the isthmus of
Tehuantepec with the center near the headwaters of the Grijalva river, we see that there is indeed a sea
present in each of the four quarters indicated by the two lines.
































Incidentally, this is the only place in all of the American continents where this occurs unless you propose an
area which includes all of North and South America in order to use the arctic and Antarctic oceans as the north
and south seas. This may have been the basis of the mistaken conclusion be early saints that the Book of
Mormon people occupied all of both continents.

Hel. 4: 7
And there they did fortify against the Lamanites, from the west sea, even unto the east; it being a aday•’s
journey for a Nephite, on the line which they had fortified and stationed their armies to defend their north
country.

Here again we have a reference to a line which when defended can block Lamanite access to the north
countries.

Hel. 11: 20
And thus it did come to pass that the people of Nephi began to prosper again in the land, and began to build
up their waste places, and began to multiply and spread, even until they did acover• the whole face of the land,
both on the northward and on the southward, from the sea west to the se
a east.

Here again four directions are used to indicate the growth of the people. This time northward and southward
are used instead of the north and south seas. This terminology may have been used because the area now
included lands that were beyond the area enclosed by the four seas. This concept is enforced by other
scriptures descrbing expedition into the land northward beyond the narrow neck of land.

Morm. 3: 8
And in the *three hundred and sixty and second year they did come down aagain• to battle. And we did beat
them again, and did slay a great number of them, and their dead were cast into the sea.

This scripture describes events after the nephites were driven into the land Northward beyond the narrow
passage. Here again the sea is not given a specific name, indicating that there is one sea which does not
need to be specified as other than as “the sea”. This being the sea into which all the rivers of nephite lands
empty there waters and where the dead cast into the River Sidon are buried in the depths of the sea.. Named
only once as the North Sea in order to indicate the extent of nephite growth.


Directional references with geographical information

North  34 references

Mosiah 7: 5, 16; 10:8; 11:13
5  And when they had wandered forty days they came to a ahill•, which is north of the land of bShilom•, and
there they pitched their tents.
16 And now, king Limhi commanded his guards that they should no more bind Ammon nor his brethren, but
caused that they should go to the hill which was north of Shilom, and bring their brethren into the city, that
thereby they might eat, and drink, and rest themselves from the labors of their journey; for they had suffered
many things; they had suffered hunger, thirst, and fatigue.
10:8And it came to pass that they came up upon the north of the land of Shilom, with their numerous hosts,
men aarmed• with bbows•, and with arrows, and with swords, and with cimeters, and with stones, and with
slings; and they had their heads shaved that they were naked; and they were girded with a leathern girdle
about their loins.
11:13And it came to pass that he caused many buildings to be built in the land Shilom; and he caused a great
tower to be built on the ahill• north of the land Shilom, which had been a resort for the children of Nephi at the
time they bfled• out of the land; and thus he did do with the riches which he obtained by the taxation of his
people.

A battle may have taken place at a hill north of the land Shilom.

Alma 2: 36 - 37
And they fled before the Nephites towards the wilderness which was west and north, away beyond the borders
of the land; and the Nephites did pursue them with their might, and did slay them.
Yea, they were met on every hand, and slain and driven, until they were scattered on the west, and on the
north, until they had reached the wilderness, which was called Hermounts; and it was that part of the
wilderness which was infested by wild and ravenous beasts.

There is a wilderness west and north of the land of Zarahemla, beyond the borders of Zarahemla called
Hermounts. It was a place of wild beasts. This is very different from the description of the wilderness area
called Bountiful.

Alma 8: 6
So that when he had finished his work at Melek he departed thence, and traveled three days’ journey on the
north of the land of Melek; and he came to a city which was called Ammonihah.

Ammonihah is north of the Land Melek

Alma 22:27-34
27 And it came to pass that the king sent a aproclamation• throughout all the land, amongst all his people who
were in all his land, who were in all the regions round about, which was bordering even to the sea, on the east
and on the bwest•, and which was divided from the land of cZarahemla• by a narrow strip of wilderness, which
ran from the sea east even to the sea west, and round about on the borders of the seashore, and the borders
of the wilderness which was on the north by the land of Zarahemla, through the borders of dManti•, by the head
of the eriver• Sidon,
running from the east towards the west—and thus were the Lamanites and the
Nephites divided.
28 Now, the more aidle• part of the Lamanites lived in the wilderness, and dwelt in tents; and they were
spread through the wilderness on the west, in the land of Nephi; yea, and also on the west of the land of
Zarahemla, in the borders by the seashore, and on the west in the land of Nephi, in the place of their fathers’
first inheritance, and thus bordering along by the seashore.
29 And also there were many Lamanites on the east by the seashore, whither the Nephites had driven them.
And thus the Nephites were nearly surrounded by the Lamanites; nevertheless the Nephites had taken
possession of all the northern parts of the land bordering on the wilderness, at the head of the river Sidon,
from the east to the west, round about on the wilderness side; on the north, even until they came to the land
which they called aBountiful•.
30 And it bordered upon the land which they called aDesolation•, it being so far northward that it came into the
land which had been peopled and been destroyed, of whose bbones• we have spoken, which was discovered
by the cpeople• of Zarahemla, it being the place of their dfirst• landing.
31 And they came from there aup• into the south wilderness. Thus the bland• on the northward was called
cDesolation•, and the land on the southward was called Bountiful, it being the wilderness which is filled with all
manner of wild animals of every kind, a part of which had come from the land northward for food.
32 And now, it was only the adistance• of a day and a half’s journey for a Nephite, on the line Bountiful and the
land Desolation, from the east to the west sea; and thus the land of Nephi and the land of Zarahemla were
nearly surrounded by water, there being a small bneck• of land between the land northward and the land
southward.
33 And it came to pass that the Nephites had inhabited the land Bountiful, even from the east unto the west
sea, and thus the Nephites in their wisdom, with their guards and their armies, had hemmed in the Lamanites
on the south, that thereby they should have no more possession on the north, that they might not overrun the
land northward.
34 Therefore the Lamanites could have no more possessions only in the land of Nephi, and the wilderness
round about. Now this was wisdom in the Nephites—as the Lamanites were an enemy to them, they would not
suffer their afflictions on every hand, and also that they might have a country whither they might flee, according
to their desires.

These verses indicate that the Lamanites were in all regions round about. They were in the borders by Sea
west of the Land of Zarahemla on the seashore. They were in the western wilderness of the Land of Nephi.
They were in the land of first inheritance, the wilderness west of Nephi which bordered on the seashore. They
were also on the east seashore, driven there by the Nephites. The statement that the Nephites were nearly
surrounded by the lamanites suggests that the Lamanite lands formed a U with the nephites inside the body of
the U and the lamanites on the edge of the U.
His (the King’s) land bordered even unto the sea both on the east and on the west. The land was divided
(separated) from the Land of Zarahemla by a narrow strip of wilderness which extended from the sea east to
the sea west. The land went round about (U shaped) from the borders on the seashore and the wilderness
border. This border was on the north by the Land of Zarahemla. The border passed through ( or along) the
border of Manti. The border or Manti was by the headwaters of the river Sidon. The border ran from the east
towards the west. This border divided the Nephite lands from the Lamanite lands.
These verses are probably the most important geographic description in the Book of Mormon because they
are not related to a battle. They concern the location of the Lamanite people who were to be informed of the
King’s wishes and therefore include all the areas where the Lamanites were located. The term round about
suggests that they were mostly located within a reasonably close distance to the border separating the
Nephites from the Lamanites. It is emphatic about the Lamanite claim to all the lands south of the border from
one sea to the other. The seas mentioned are on the east and on the west and are named Sea East and Sea
West. Any geographic description of Book of Mormon lands, which does not incorporate this description, is
on very shaky ground. The following verses describe the lands occupied by the Nephites. Again we remind
you that directions in the Book of Mormon were translated by inspiration and therefore correspond to what
Joseph Smith considered east and west. As pointed out by Sorenson, the Aztecs and Mayas oriented their
maps different from Europeans. They put the direction of sunrise at the top. Afterall they were mostly sun
worshipers.There word for North was actually left and was associated with the common belief, even among
Europeans, that left was somehow bad or dangerous. Our word for sinister comes from the Latin word for left.  
Thus the land northward was considered bad or desolate. Since they oriented their maps with east at the top
and north to the left it is possible that there culture had come to associate something ominous or disastrous
with lands to the north. This agrees with the Nephite (and probably Lamanite ) knowledge of the Jaredite
destruction and prophecies that the same would happen to the Nephites if they did not live righteously. This
fear may account for the Nephites continuous battles to keep the lamanites out of the north. This was of even
of greater concern to them when they were most unrighteous. Verse 34 touches on this need to preserve the
land northward for the exclusive use of the nephites.

Verse 29  suggests that the eastern seashore was occupied by the Lamanites at this time. It was some time
later that the Nephites began to build cities on the east by the seashore.
Verses 29-33 describe the lands occupied by the Nephites. They emphasize that, although surrounded by
lamanites, they possessed all the lands north of the the wilderness at the headwaters of the river Sidon round
about and including the land of Bountiful. Bountiful was so far northward that it bordered on the Land of
Desolation. The Land of Desolation is here described as the land where the people of Zarahemla had first
made a landing in the north. Desolation was a land whose people had been destroyed and their bones had
been found by the original people of Zarahemla. They came from Desolation up into a wilderness which was
south of Desolation and at a higher elevation. Desolation is Northward with respect to Bountiful and Bountiful
is Southward with respect to Desolation. This  suggests that Bountiful ran eastward to westward. This is
confirmed in verse 32 where the border between Bountiful and desolation is described by a line which also
served as a travel route for the Nephites. This line ran from the east to the west sea. Suggesting a land that
ran eastward to westward. The length of the border is given in terms of the time it took a nephite to traverse
the line. Bountiful is described here as a wilderness full of wild animals in contrast to the description of
Hermounts which was filled with wild beasts. Verse 33 says that the Nephites had moved in and inhabited the
land Bountiful from the east to the west sea, again confirming the eastward to westward orientation of the
Land of Bountiful. Verse 32 indicates that in addition to being surrounded by the Lamanites on the south, east
and west, both they and the Lamanites were nearly surrounded by water except for a small neck of land which
separated the land southward from the land northward. This suggests that the Lamanite lands were bounded
by water on the south and the Nephites were bounded by water on the north.

1.        Alma 43: 34
And it came to pass that the Lamanites came up on the north of the hill, where a part of the army of Moroni
was concealed.
Moroni’s army was located on a hill which could be approached from the north.
2.        Alma 46: 17
And it came to pass that when he had poured out his soul to God, he named all the land which was asouth• of
the land bDesolation•, yea, and in fine, all the land, both on the cnorth• and on the south—A chosen land, and
the land of dliberty•.

Moroni ‘s declaration that all the land was a land of liberty.

3.        Alma 50: 8-
And it came to pass that when Moroni had driven all the Lamanites out of the east wilderness, which was north
of the lands of their own possessions, he caused that the inhabitants who were in the land of Zarahemla and in
the land round about should go forth into the east wilderness, even to the borders by the seashore, and
possess the land.

There was an east wilderness north of the lamanite lands. This wilderness was near or part of the eastern
seashore.

4.        Alma 50: 15
And they also began in that same year to build many cities on the north, one in a particular manner which they
called aLehi•, which was in the north by the borders of the seashore.

The city of Lehi was in the north by a seashore. This could be on the northern part of the eastern seashore or
in could have bean in the north by the northern seashore. Alma 51:26 groups it with several other cities on the
eastern seashore, so it was on the northern part of the east seashore.

5.        Hel. 1: 23
And now he did not tarry in the land of Zarahemla, but he did march forth with a large army, even towards the
city of aBountiful•; for it was his determination to go forth and cut his way through with the sword, that he might
obtain the north parts of the land.

Bountiful blocks access to the land in the north.

6.        Hel. 1: 31
And now, behold, the Lamanites could not retreat either way, neither on the north, nor on the south, nor on the
east, nor on the west, for they were surrounded on every hand by the Nephites.

This verse simply says the Lamanites were surrounded or in an area where they could not go right or left with
the enemy in front and behind.

7.        Hel. 3: 8
And it came to pass that they did multiply and spread, and did go forth from the land southward to the land
northward, and did spread insomuch that they began to cover the face of the whole earth, from the sea south
to the sea north, from the sea awest• to the sea east.

This verse is the only verse that mentions a Sea North by name. It however is in agreement with Alma 22:32
where alma describes the Nephite and Lamanite lands as nearly surrounded by water.

8.        Hel. 4: 7
And there they did fortify against the Lamanites, from the west sea, even unto the east; it being a aday•’s
journey for a Nephite, on the line which they had fortified and stationed their armies to defend their north
country.

This is a second reference to the line which had to be crossed to get into the land northward and or the land
north. The same language is used thus confirming the probability that the line is oriented eastward to
westward.

9.        Hel. 6: 9
And it came to pass that they became exceedingly rich, both the Lamanites and the Nephites; and they did
have an exceeding plenty of agold•, and of silver, and of all manner of precious metals, both in the land south
and in the land north.

No geographical references other than that both the land north and the land south was occupied.

10.        Hel. 6: 10
Now the land south was called aLehi• and the land north was called bMulek•, which was after the cson• of
Zedekiah; for the Lord did bring Mulek into the land north, and Lehi into the land south.

This verse says that the area occupied in the north was called Mulek . It says that they understood that Mulek
and his band had come into the land on the north which was the opposite of where Lehi and his band had
entered which was in the south. This is a new reference to the use of the word Mulek to designate a
geographic area and is probably not the same as the city of Mulek which was grouped with the cities on the
eastern seashore. Mulek was not necessarily all the way on the eastern seashore since it is not described as
one of the cities which was built to defend the eastern seashore. Alma 53:6 places Mulek in the Land of
Nephi. This is confirmed by the description of Alma 22:27-34 which indicates that the lamanites occupied land
by the eastern seashore and the Land of Nephi probably included all the land east and south of Zarahemla
which included the Land of their first inheritance in the southeast corner of the land of Nephi.. Since the
campaign against Mulek was conducted from the City of Bountiful, this city either had to be located outside of
the land of Bountiful or Mulek had to be in the northern part of the eastern seashore. Since the city of Bountiful
also guarded the Narrow passage and the passage was on the eastern end of the land of Bountiful, the latter
location is more probable. This places Bountiful on the eastward (northeast) end of the Land of Bountiful, west
from Mulek on the northern part of the eastern seashore (probably somewhat inland from the actual sea). Lehi
was probably on the seashore since they were captured together and Moroni gave the city of Lehi to one of
his commanders also named Lehi after they were captured.

11.        Hel. 6: 12
They did raise grain in abundance, both in the north and in the south; and they did flourish exceedingly, both in
the north and in the south. And they did multiply and wax exceedingly strong in the land. And they did raise
many flocks and herds, yea, many fatlings.

Again, a reference to occupation of land in the north and in the south. Since they had not conquered any land
south of the southern border with the Lamanites, This probably refers to Bountiful as the land North and
Zarahemla as the Land south


12.        3 Ne. 4: 1
AND it came to pass that in the latter *end of the eighteenth year those armies of arobbers• had prepared for
battle, and began to come down and to sally forth from the hills, and out of the mountains, and the wilderness,
and their strongholds, and their bsecret• places, and began to take possession of the lands, both which were
in the land south and which were in the land north, and began to take possession of all the lands which had
been cdeserted• by the Nephites, and the cities which had been left desolate
.
Interesting scripture. It appears that the Nephites were forced to evacuate a major part of their territory.

13.        3 Ne. 6: 2
And it came to pass that they had anot• eaten up all their provisions; therefore they did take with them all that
they had not devoured, of all their grain of every kind, and their gold, and their silver, and all their precious
things, and they did return to their own lands and their possessions, both on the north and on the south, both on
the land northward and on the land southward.

This is also interesting. It refers to a return to an area which been evacuated.

14.        Morm. 2: 3
And it came to pass that in the three hundred and twenty and seventh year the Lamanites did come upon us
with aexceedingly• great power, insomuch that they did frighten my armies; therefore they would not fight, and
they began to retreat towards the bnorth• countries.

The beginning of the end. The Nephites begin there evacuation of the lands south of the Narrow Neck.

1
5.        Ether 1: 1
AND now I, Moroni, proceed to give an aaccount• of those ancient inhabitants who were destroyed by the
bhand• of the Lord upon the face of this north country.

Northward      

41 verses refer to the direction northward.

1.         Omni 1: 22
22 22 It also spake a few words concerning his fathers. And his first parents came out from the atower•, at the
time the Lord bconfounded• the language of the people; and the severity of the Lord fell upon them according
to his judgments, which are just; and their cbones• lay scattered in the land northward.


2.        Alma 46: 22
22 22 Now this was the covenant which they made, and they acast• their garments at the feet of Moroni,
saying: We bcovenant with our God, that we shall be destroyed, even as our brethren in the land northward, if
we shall fall into transgression; yea, he may cast us at the feet of our enemies, even as we have cast our
garments at thy feet to be trodden under foot, if we shall fall into transgression.

3.        Alma 50: 11
11 11 And thus he cut off all the strongholds of the Lamanites in the east wilderness, yea, and also on the
west, fortifying the line between the Nephites and the Lamanites, between the land of Zarahemla and the land
of Nephi, from the west sea, running by the head of the ariver• Sidon—the Nephites possessing all the land
bnorthward•, yea, even all the land which was northward of the land Bountiful, according to their pleasure.

4.        Alma 50: 29
29 29 Therefore, Morianton put it into their hearts that they should flee to the land which was northward, which
was covered with alarge• bodies of water, and take possession of the land which was bnorthward•.

5.        Alma 50: 31
31 31 And it came to pass that she fled, and came over to the camp of Moroni, and told Moroni all things
concerning the matter, and also concerning their intentions to flee into the land northward.

6.        Alma 50: 33
33 33 Therefore Moroni sent an army, with their camp, to head the people of Morianton, to stop their flight into
the land northward.

7.        Alma 50: 34
34 34 And it came to pass that they did not ahead• them until they had come to the borders of the land
bDesolation•; and there they did head them, by the narrow pass which led by the sea into the land northward,
yea, by the sea, on the west and on the east.

8.        Alma 51: 30
30 30 And it came to pass that he headed Amalickiah also, as he was marching forth with his numerous army
that he might take possession of the land Bountiful, and also the land anorthward•.

9.        Alma 52: 2
2 2 And now, when the Lamanites saw this they were affrighted; and they abandoned their design in marching
into the land northward, and retreated with all their army into the city of aMulek•, and sought protection in their
fortifications.

10.        Alma 52: 9
9 9 And he also sent orders unto him that he should fortify the land aBountiful•, and secure the bnarrow• pass
which led into the land cnorthward•, lest the Lamanites should obtain that point and should have power to
harass them on every side.

11.        Alma 52: 23
23 23 And it came to pass that the armies of the Lamanites did march forth against Teancum, supposing by
their numbers to overpower Teancum because of the smallness of his numbers. And as Teancum saw the
armies of the Lamanites coming out against him he began to retreat down by the seashore, northward.

12.        Alma 56: 22
22 22 And it came to pass that we kept spies out round about, to watch the movements of the Lamanites, that
they might not pass us by night nor by day to make an attack upon our other cities which were on the
northward.

13.        Alma 56: 36
36 36 And it came to pass that we did flee before them, northward. And thus we did lead away the most
powerful army of the Lamanites;

14.        Alma 63: 4
And it came to pass that in the *thirty and seventh year of the reign of the judges, there was a large company
of men, even to the amount of five thousand and four hundred men, with their wives and their children,
departed out of the land of Zarahemla into the land which was anorthward•.
Immigrants gp into the land northward from Zarahemla. Possibly beyond the narrow neck into the Land
northward.

15.        Alma 63: 5
And it came to pass that Hagoth, he being an aexceedingly• curious man, therefore he went forth and built him
an exceedingly large ship, on the borders of the land bBountiful•, by the land Desolation, and launched it forth
into the west sea, by the cnarrow• neck which led into the land northward.

Definitly an attempt to get into the land northward by sea.  The first ship succeded but at least some of later
ships did not return and were presumed lost at sea.We don’t know if they succeeded since they were nev
16.        Alma 63: 6
And behold, there were many of the Nephites who did enter therein and did sail forth with much provisions,
and also many women and children; and they took their course northward. And thus ended the thirty and
seventh year.
Goes with the proceeding verse.

17.        Alma 63: 7
7 7 And in the thirty and eighth year, this man built aother• ships. And the first ship did also return, and many
more people did enter into it; and they also took much provisions, and set out again to the land northward.

18.        Alma 63: 9
9 9 And it came to pass that in this year there were many people who went forth into the land anorthward•. And
thus ended the thirty and eighth year.

19.        Alma 63: 10
10 10 And it came to pass in the *thirty and ninth year of the reign of the judges, aShiblon• died also, and
Corianton had gone forth to the land northward in a ship, to carry forth provisions unto the people who had
gone forth into that land.

20.        Hel. 3: 3
And it came to pass in the *forty and sixth, yea, there was much contention and many dissensions; in the which
there were an exceedingly great many who departed out of the land of Zarahemla, and went forth unto the land
anorthward• to inherit the land.

The land Northward is very popular and many leave the land southward because of contension and dissension.

21.        Hel. 3: 8
8 8 And it came to pass that they did multiply and spread, and did go forth from the land southward to the land
northward, and did spread insomuch that they began to cover the face of the whole earth, from the sea south
to the sea north, from the sea awest• to the sea east.

22.        Hel. 3: 9
9 9 And the people who were in the land northward did dwell in atents•, and in houses of cement, and they did
suffer whatsoever tree should spring up upon the face of the land that it should grow up, that in time they might
have timber to build their houses, yea, their cities, and their temples, and their bsynagogues•, and their
sanctuaries, and all manner of their buildings.

23.        Hel. 3: 10
And it came to pass as timber was exceedingly scarce in the land northward, they did send forth much by the
way of ashipping•.

Regular commerce was established with the land northward by water. Probably along the western coast of the
Land northward.

24.        Hel. 3: 11
11 11 And thus they did enable the people in the land northward that they might build many cities, both of
wood and of cement.

Cement used principally in the land northward because of deforestation by the Jaredites.

25.        Hel. 6: 6
6 6 And it came to pass that many of the Lamanites did go into the land northward; and also aNephi• and
bLehi• went into the cland• northward, to preach unto the people. And thus ended the sixty and third year.

26.        Hel. 7: 1
1 1 BEHOLD, now it came to pass in the *sixty and ninth year of the reign of the judges over the people of the
Nephites, that Nephi, the son of Helaman, areturned• to the land of Zarahemla from the land northward.

27.        Hel. 7: 2
2 2 For he had been forth among the people who were in the land northward and did preach the word of God
unto them, and did prophesy many things unto them;


28.        3 Ne. 3: 24
24 24 And there were a great many thousand people who were called Nephites, who did gather themselves
together in this land. Now Lachoneus did cause that they should gather themselves together in the land
asouthward•, because of the great curse which was upon the bland• northward.

29.        3 Ne. 4: 23
23 23 And it came to pass that Zemnarihah did give command unto his people that they should withdraw
themselves from the siege, and march into the furthermost parts of the land northward.


30.        3 Ne. 8: 12
12 12 But behold, there was a more great and terrible destruction in the land northward; for behold, the
awhole• face of the land was changed, because of the tempest and the whirlwinds, and the thunderings and
the lightnings, and the exceedingly great quaking of the whole earth;

31.        Morm. 2: 20
20 20 And it came to pass that in this year the people of Nephi again were hunted and driven. And it came to
pass that we were driven forth until we had come northward to the land which was called Shem.

32.        Morm. 2: 29
29 29 And the Lamanites did give unto us the land anorthward•, yea, even to the bnarrow• passage which led
into the land southward. And we did give unto the Lamanites all the land southward.

33.        Ether 1: 42
42 42 And when thou hast done this thou shalt ago• at the head of them down into the valley which is
northward. And there will I meet thee, and I will go bbefore• thee into a land which is cchoice• above all the
lands of the earth.

34.        Ether 2: 1
1 1 AND it came to pass that Jared and his brother, and their families, and also the afriends• of Jared and his
brother and their families, went down into the valley which was northward, (and the name of the valley was
bNimrod•, being called after the mighty hunter) with their cflocks• which they had gathered together, male and
female, of every kind.

35.        Ether 10: 21
21 21 And they did preserve the land asouthward• for a wilderness, to get game. And the whole face of the
land northward was covered with inhabitants.
South 32
1.        1 Ne. 16: 13
13 13 And it came to pass that we traveled for the space of four days, nearly a south-southeast direction, and
we did pitch our tents again; and we did call the name of the place aShazer•.

2.        2 Ne. 29: 11
11 11 For I command aall• men, both in the east and in the west, and in the north, and in the south, and in the
islands of the sea, that they shall bwrite• the words which I speak unto them; for out of the cbooks which shall
be written I will djudge• the world, every man according to their works, according to that which is written.

3.        Mosiah 9: 14
14 14 For, in the *thirteenth year of my reign in the land of Nephi, away on the south of the land of aShilom•,
when my people were watering and bfeeding• their flocks, and tilling their lands, a numerous host of
Lamanites came upon them and began to slay them, and to take off their flocks, and the corn of their fields.

4.        Mosiah 27: 6
6 6 And there began to be much peace again in the land; and the people began to be very numerous, and
began to scatter abroad upon the face of the earth, yea, on the north and on the south, on the east and on the
west, building large cities and villages in all quarters of the land.

5.        Alma 8: 18
18 18 Now it came to pass that after Alma had received his message from the angel of the Lord he returned
speedily to the land of Ammonihah. And he entered the city by another way, yea, by the way which is on the
south of the city of Ammonihah.

6.        Alma 16: 6
6 6 And it came to pass that Alma ainquired• of the Lord concerning the matter. And Alma returned and said
unto them: Behold, the Lamanites will cross the river Sidon in the south wilderness, away up beyond the
borders of the land of bManti•. And behold there shall ye meet them, on the east of the river Sidon, and there
the Lord will deliver unto thee thy brethren who have been taken captive by the Lamanites.

7.        Alma 16: 7
7 7 And it came to pass that Zoram and his sons crossed over the river Sidon, with their armies, and marched
away beyond the borders of Manti into the south wilderness, which was on the east side of the river Sidon.

8.        Alma 22: 31
31 31 And they came from there aup• into the south wilderness. Thus the bland• on the northward was called
cDesolation•, and the land on the southward was called Bountiful, it being the wilderness which is filled with all
manner of wild animals of every kind, a part of which had come from the land northward for food.

9.        Alma 22: 33
33 33 And it came to pass that the Nephites had inhabited the land Bountiful, even from the east unto the west
sea, and thus the Nephites in their wisdom, with their guards and their armies, had hemmed in the Lamanites
on the south, that thereby they should have no more possession on the north, that they might not overrun the
land northward.

10.        Alma 27: 22
22 22 And it came to pass that the voice of the people came, saying: Behold, we will give up the aland• of
bJershon•, which is on the east by the sea, which joins the land Bountiful, which is on the south of the land
Bountiful; and this land Jershon is the land which we will give unto our brethren for an inheritance.

11.        Alma 31: 3
3 3 Now the Zoramites had gathered themselves together in a land which they called aAntionum•, which was
east of the land of Zarahemla, which lay nearly bordering upon the seashore, which was south of the land of
bJershon•, which also bordered upon the wilderness south, which wilderness was full of the Lamanites.

12.        Alma 43: 31
31 31 Therefore, he divided his army and brought a part over into the valley, and aconcealed• them on the
east, and on the south of the hill Riplah;

13.        Alma 43: 35
35 35 And as the Lamanites had passed the hill Riplah, and came into the valley, and began to cross the river
Sidon, the army which was concealed on the south of the hill, which was led by a man whose name was
aLehi•, and he led his army forth and encircled the Lamanites about on the east in their rear.

14.        Alma 46: 17
17 17 And it came to pass that when he had poured out his soul to God, he named all the land which was
asouth• of the land bDesolation•, yea, and in fine, all the land, both on the cnorth• and on the south—A chosen
land, and the land of dliberty•.

15.        Alma 50: 7
7 7 And it came to pass that Moroni caused that his armies should go forth into the east wilderness; yea, and
they went forth and drove all the Lamanites who were in the east wilderness into their own lands, which were
asouth• of the land of Zarahemla.

16.        Alma 50: 10
10 10 And he also placed armies on the south, in the borders of their possessions, and caused them to erect
afortifications• that they might secure their armies and their people from the hands of their enemies.

17.        Alma 50: 13
13 13 And it came to pass that the Nephites began the foundation of a city, and they called the name of the
city aMoroni•; and it was by the east sea; and it was on the south by the line of the possessions of the
Lamanites.

18.        Alma 52: 15
15 15 But behold, it came to pass in the *twenty and seventh year of the reign of the judges, that Teancum, by
the command of Moroni—who had established armies to protect the south and the west borders of the land,
and had begun his march towards the land Bountiful, that he might assist Teancum with his men in retaking the
cities which they had lost—

19.        Alma 53: 8
8 8 And now it came to pass that the armies of the Lamanites, on the west sea, south, while in the absence of
Moroni on account of some intrigue amongst the Nephites, which caused adissensions• amongst them, had
gained some ground over the Nephites, yea, insomuch that they had obtained possession of a number of their
cities in that part of the land.

20.        Alma 53: 22
22 22 And now it came to pass that Helaman did march at the head of his atwo• thousand stripling soldiers, to
the support of the people in the borders of the land on the south by the west sea.

21.        Alma 62: 34
34 34 And it came to pass that Moroni and Lehi and Teancum did encamp with their armies round about in
the borders of the land of Moroni, insomuch that the Lamanites were encircled about in the borders by the
wilderness on the south, and in the borders by the wilderness on the east.

22.        Hel. 1: 31
31 31 And now, behold, the Lamanites could not retreat either way, neither on the north, nor on the south, nor
on the east, nor on the west, for they were surrounded on every hand by the Nephites.

23.        Hel. 3: 8
8 8 And it came to pass that they did multiply and spread, and did go forth from the land southward to the land
northward, and did spread insomuch that they began to cover the face of the whole earth, from the sea south
to the sea north, from the sea awest• to the sea east.

24.        Hel. 6: 9
9 9 And it came to pass that they became exceedingly rich, both the Lamanites and the Nephites; and they did
have an exceeding plenty of agold•, and of silver, and of all manner of precious metals, both in the land south
and in the land north.



25.        3 Ne. 1: 17
17 17 And they began to know that the Son of God must shortly appear; yea, in fine, all the people upon the
face of the whole earth from the awest• to the east, both in the land north and in the land south, were so
exceedingly astonished that they fell to the earth.

26.        3 Ne. 4: 1
1 1 AND it came to pass that in the latter *end of the eighteenth year those armies of arobbers• had prepared
for battle, and began to come down and to sally forth from the hills, and out of the mountains, and the
wilderness, and their strongholds, and their bsecret• places, and began to take possession of the lands, both
which were in the land south and which were in the land north, and began to take possession of all the lands
which had been cdeserted• by the Nephites, and the cities which had been left desolate.

27.        3 Ne. 4: 26
26 26 And the robbers who were on the south were also cut off in their places of retreat. And all these things
were done by command of Gidgiddoni.

28.        3 Ne. 20: 13
13 13 And then shall the aremnants•, which shall be bscattered abroad upon the face of the earth, be
cgathered• in from the east and from the west, and from the south and from the north; and they shall be brought
to the dknowledge• of the Lord their God, who hath redeemed them.

29.        Morm. 6: 15
15 15 And it came to pass that there were ten more who did fall by the sword, with their ten thousand each;
yea, even aall• my people, save it were those twenty and four who were with me, and also a bfew• who had
escaped into the south countries, and a few who had deserted over unto the Lamanites, had fallen; and their
flesh, and bones, and blood lay upon the face of the earth, being left by the hands of those who slew them to
molder upon the land, and to crumble and to return to their mother earth.

Southward 19

1.        Alma 17: 1
1 1 AND now it came to pass that as Alma was journeying from the land of Gideon southward, away to the
land of aManti•, behold, to his astonishment, he bmet• with the csons• of Mosiah journeying towards the land
of Zarahemla.

2.        Alma 22: 31
31 31 And they came from there aup• into the south wilderness. Thus the bland• on the northward was called
cDesolation•, and the land on the southward was called Bountiful, it being the wilderness which is filled with all
manner of wild animals of every kind, a part of which had come from the land northward for food.

3.        Alma 22: 32
32 32 And now, it was only the adistance• of a day and a half’s journey for a Nephite, on the line Bountiful and
the land Desolation, from the east to the west sea; and thus the land of Nephi and the land of Zarahemla were
nearly surrounded by water, there being a small bneck• of land between the land northward and the land
southward.

4.        Hel. 3: 8
8 8 And it came to pass that they did multiply and spread, and did go forth from the land southward to the land
northward, and did spread insomuch that they began to cover the face of the whole earth, from the sea south
to the sea north, from the sea awest• to the sea east.

5.        Hel. 4: 8
8 8 And thus those adissenters• of the Nephites, with the help of a numerous army of the Lamanites, had
obtained all the possession of the Nephites which was in the land southward. And all this was done in the fifty
and eighth and ninth years of the reign of the judges.

6.        Hel. 5: 16
16 16 And even from one city to another, until they had gone forth aamong• all the people of Nephi who were
in the land southward; and from thence into the land of Zarahemla, among the Lamanites.

7.        Hel. 11: 20
20 20 And thus it did come to pass that the people of Nephi began to prosper again in the land, and began to
build up their waste places, and began to multiply and spread, even until they did acover• the whole face of the
land, both on the northward and on the southward, from the sea west to the sea east.

8.        3 Ne. 3: 24
24 24 And there were a great many thousand people who were called Nephites, who did gather themselves
together in this land. Now Lachoneus did cause that they should gather themselves together in the land
asouthward•, because of the great curse which was upon the bland• northward.

9.        3 Ne. 8: 11
11 11 And there was a great and terrible destruction in the land southward.

10.        Morm. 1: 6
6 6 And it came to pass that I, being *eleven years old, was carried by my father into the land southward, even
to the land of Zarahemla.

11.        Morm. 2: 29
29 29 And the Lamanites did give unto us the land anorthward•, yea, even to the bnarrow• passage which led
into the land southward. And we did give unto the Lamanites all the land southward.

12.        Morm. 3: 5
5 5 And it came to pass that I did cause my people that they should gather themselves together at the land
aDesolation•, to a city which was in the borders, by the narrow pass which led into the land bsouthward•.

13.        Morm. 8: 2
2 2 And now it came to pass that after the agreat• and tremendous battle at Cumorah, behold, the Nephites
who had escaped into the country southward were hunted by the bLamanites•, until they were all destroyed.

14.        Ether 9: 31
31 31 And there came forth apoisonous• serpents also upon the face of the land, and did poison many
people. And it came to pass that their flocks began to flee before the poisonous serpents, towards the land
bsouthward•, which was called by the Nephites cZarahemla•.

15.        Ether 9: 32
32 32 And it came to pass that there were many of them which did perish by the way; nevertheless, there were
some which fled into the land southward.

16.        Ether 10: 19
19 19 And it came to pass that Lib also did that which was good in the sight of the Lord. And in the days of Lib
the apoisonous• serpents were destroyed. Wherefore they did go into the land southward, to hunt food for the
people of the land, for the land was covered with animals of the forest. And Lib also himself became a great
bhunter•.

17.        Ether 10: 21
21 21 And they did preserve the land asouthward• for a wilderness, to get game. And the whole face of the
land northward was covered with inhabitants.

18.        Ether 15: 10
10 10 And it came to pass that the armies of Coriantumr did press upon the armies of Shiz that they beat
them, that they caused them to flee before them; and they did flee southward, and did pitch their tents in a
place which was called Ogath.

East 43

1.        1 Ne. 21: 13
13 13 aSing•, O heavens; and be joyful, O earth; for the feet of those who are in the east shall be established;
and bbreak forth into singing, O mountains; for they shall be smitten no more; for the Lord hath comforted his
people, and will have mercy upon his cafflicted•.

2.        2 Ne. 12: 6
6 6 Therefore, O Lord, thou hast forsaken thy people, the house of Jacob, because they be replenished from
the east, and hearken unto asoothsayers like the bPhilistines•, and they please themselves in the children of
strangers.

3.        2 Ne. 21: 14
14 14 But they shall fly upon the shoulders of the aPhilistines• towards the west; they shall spoil them of the
east together; they shall lay their hand upon bEdom• and cMoab•; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.

4.        2 Ne. 29: 11
11 11 For I command aall• men, both in the east and in the west, and in the north, and in the south, and in the
islands of the sea, that they shall bwrite• the words which I speak unto them; for out of the cbooks which shall
be written I will djudge• the world, every man according to their works, according to that which is written.

5.        Mosiah 7: 31
31 31 And again he saith: If my people shall sow filthiness they shall reap the aeast• wind, which bringeth
immediate destruction.

6.        Mosiah 12: 6
6 6 And it shall come to pass that I will send forth ahail• among them, and it shall smite them; and they shall
also be smitten with the beast• wind; and cinsects• shall pester their land also, and devour their grain.


7.        Alma 2: 15
15 15 And it came to pass that the Amlicites came upon the hill Amnihu, which was east of the ariver• Sidon,
which ran by the bland• of Zarahemla, and there they began to make war with the Nephites.

8.        Alma 2: 17
17 17 And they began to slay the Amlicites upon the hill east of Sidon. And the Amlicites did contend with the
Nephites with great strength, insomuch that many of the Nephites did fall before the Amlicites.

9.        Alma 6: 7
7 7 And now it came to pass that when Alma had made these regulations he departed from them, yea, from
the church which was in the city of Zarahemla, and went over upon the east of the ariver• Sidon, into the
bvalley• of Gideon, there having been a city built, which was called the city of Gideon, which was in the valley
that was called Gideon, being called after the man who was cslain• by the hand of Nehor with the sword.

10.        Alma 12: 21
21 21 What does the scripture mean, which saith that God placed acherubim• and a flaming sword on the
east of the garden of bEden, lest our first parents should enter and partake of the fruit of the tree of life, and
live forever? And thus we see that there was no possible chance that they should live forever.

11.        Alma 16: 6
6 6 And it came to pass that Alma ainquired• of the Lord concerning the matter. And Alma returned and said
unto them: Behold, the Lamanites will cross the river Sidon in the south wilderness, away up beyond the
borders of the land of bManti•. And behold there shall ye meet them, on the east of the river Sidon, and there
the Lord will deliver unto thee thy brethren who have been taken captive by the Lamanites.

12.        Alma 16: 7
7 7 And it came to pass that Zoram and his sons crossed over the river Sidon, with their armies, and marched
away beyond the borders of Manti into the south wilderness, which was on the east side of the river Sidon.


13.        Alma 22: 29
29 29 And also there were many Lamanites on the east by the seashore, whither the Nephites had driven
them. And thus the Nephites were nearly surrounded by the Lamanites; nevertheless the Nephites had taken
possession of all the northern parts of the land bordering on the wilderness, at the head of the river Sidon,
from the east to the west, round about on the wilderness side; on the north, even until they came to the land
which they called aBountiful•.

14.        Alma 22: 32
32 32 And now, it was only the adistance• of a day and a half’s journey for a Nephite, on the line Bountiful and
the land Desolation, from the east to the west sea; and thus the land of Nephi and the land of Zarahemla were
nearly surrounded by water, there being a small bneck• of land between the land northward and the land
southward.

15.        Alma 22: 33
33 33 And it came to pass that the Nephites had inhabited the land Bountiful, even from the east unto the west
sea, and thus the Nephites in their wisdom, with their guards and their armies, had hemmed in the Lamanites
on the south, that thereby they should have no more possession on the north, that they might not overrun the
land northward.

16.        Alma 25: 5
5 5 And the remainder, having fled into the east wilderness, and having usurped the power and aauthority over
the Lamanites, caused that many of the Lamanites should bperish• by fire because of their belief—

17.        Alma 25: 8
8 8 Now this martyrdom caused that many of their brethren should be stirred up to anger; and there began to
be contention in the wilderness; and the Lamanites began to ahunt• the seed of Amulon and his brethren and
began to slay them; and they fled into the east wilderness.

18.        Alma 27: 22
22 22 And it came to pass that the voice of the people came, saying: Behold, we will give up the aland• of
bJershon•, which is on the east by the sea, which joins the land Bountiful, which is on the south of the land
Bountiful; and this land Jershon is the land which we will give unto our brethren for an inheritance.

19.        Alma 31: 3
3 3 Now the Zoramites had gathered themselves together in a land which they called aAntionum•, which was
east of the land of Zarahemla, which lay nearly bordering upon the seashore, which was south of the land of
bJershon•, which also bordered upon the wilderness south, which wilderness was full of the Lamanites.

20.        Alma 42: 2
2 2 Now behold, my son, I will explain this thing unto thee. For behold, after the Lord God sent our first parents
forth from the garden of aEden, to till the bground•, from whence they were taken—yea, he drew out the man,
and he placed at the east end of the garden of Eden, ccherubim•, and a flaming sword which turned every
way, to keep the tree of life—

21.        Alma 43: 31
31 31 Therefore, he divided his army and brought a part over into the valley, and aconcealed• them on the
east, and on the south of the hill Riplah;

22.        Alma 43: 35
35 35 And as the Lamanites had passed the hill Riplah, and came into the valley, and began to cross the river
Sidon, the army which was concealed on the south of the hill, which was led by a man whose name was
aLehi•, and he led his army forth and encircled the Lamanites about on the east in their rear.

23.        Alma 43: 52
52 52 Therefore the armies of Moroni encircled them about, yea, even on both sides of the river, for behold, on
the east were the men of Lehi.

24.        Alma 43: 53
53 53 Therefore when Zerahemnah saw the men of Lehi on the east of the river Sidon, and the armies of
Moroni on the west of the river Sidon, that they were encircled about by the Nephites, they were struck with
terror.

25.        Alma 49: 16
16 16 And behold, Moroni had appointed Lehi to be chief captain over the men of that city; and it was that
asame• Lehi who fought with the Lamanites in the valley on the east of the river Sidon.

26.        Alma 50: 7
7 7 And it came to pass that Moroni caused that his armies should go forth into the east wilderness; yea, and
they went forth and drove all the Lamanites who were in the east wilderness into their own lands, which were
asouth• of the land of Zarahemla.

27.        Alma 50: 8
8 8 And the land of aNephi• did run in a straight course from the east sea to the west.


28.        Alma 50: 11
11 11 And thus he cut off all the strongholds of the Lamanites in the east wilderness, yea, and also on the
west, fortifying the line between the Nephites and the Lamanites, between the land of Zarahemla and the land
of Nephi, from the west sea, running by the head of the ariver• Sidon—the Nephites possessing all the land
bnorthward•, yea, even all the land which was northward of the land Bountiful, according to their pleasure.

29.        Alma 50: 13
13 13 And it came to pass that the Nephites began the foundation of a city, and they called the name of the
city aMoroni•; and it was by the east sea; and it was on the south by the line of the possessions of the
Lamanites.

30.        Alma 50: 34
34 34 And it came to pass that they did not ahead• them until they had come to the borders of the land
bDesolation•; and there they did head them, by the narrow pass which led by the sea into the land northward,
yea, by the sea, on the west and on the east.

31.        Alma 51: 26
26 26 And thus he went on, taking possession of amany• cities, the city of bNephihah•, and the city of cLehi•,
and the city of dMorianton•, and the city of Omner, and the city of eGid•, and the city of fMulek•, all of which
were on the east borders by the seashore.

32.        Alma 52: 13
13 13 And thus he was endeavoring to harass the Nephites, and to draw away a part of their forces to that part
of the land, while he had commanded those whom he had left to possess the cities which he had taken, that
they should also harass the Nephites on the borders by the east sea, and should take possession of their
lands as much as it was in their power, according to the power of their armies.

33.        Alma 62: 21
21 21 And it came to pass that they were on the east, by the entrance; and they were all asleep. And now
Moroni returned to his army, and caused that they should prepare in haste strong cords and ladders, to be let
down from the top of the awall• into the inner part of the wall.

34.        Alma 62: 34
34 34 And it came to pass that Moroni and Lehi and Teancum did encamp with their armies round about in
the borders of the land of Moroni, insomuch that the Lamanites were encircled about in the borders by the
wilderness on the south, and in the borders by the wilderness on the east.

35.        Hel. 1: 31
31 31 And now, behold, the Lamanites could not retreat either way, neither on the north, nor on the south, nor
on the east, nor on the west, for they were surrounded on every hand by the Nephites.

36.        Hel. 3: 8
8 8 And it came to pass that they did multiply and spread, and did go forth from the land southward to the land
northward, and did spread insomuch that they began to cover the face of the whole earth, from the sea south
to the sea north, from the sea awest• to the sea east.


37.        Hel. 11: 20
20 20 And thus it did come to pass that the people of Nephi began to prosper again in the land, and began to
build up their waste places, and began to multiply and spread, even until they did acover• the whole face of the
land, both on the northward and on the southward, from the sea west to the sea east.

38.        3 Ne. 1: 17
17 17 And they began to know that the Son of God must shortly appear; yea, in fine, all the people upon the
face of the whole earth from the awest• to the east, both in the land north and in the land south, were so
exceedingly astonished that they fell to the earth.

39.        3 Ne. 20: 13
13 13 And then shall the aremnants•, which shall be bscattered abroad upon the face of the earth, be
cgathered• in from the east and from the west, and from the south and from the north; and they shall be brought
to the dknowledge• of the Lord their God, who hath redeemed them.

Eastward 3

1.        1 Ne. 17: 1
1 1 AND it came to pass that we did again take our journey in the wilderness; and we did travel nearly
eastward from that time forth. And we did travel and awade• through much affliction in the wilderness; and our
bwomen did bear children in the wilderness.

2.        Ether 9: 3
3 3 And the Lord awarned Omer in a dream that he should depart out of the land; wherefore Omer bdeparted•
out of the land with his family, and traveled many days, and came over and passed by the hill of cShim•, and
came over by the place dwhere• the Nephites were destroyed, and from thence eastward, and came to a
place which was called Ablom, by the seashore, and there he pitched his tent, and also his sons and his
daughters, and all his household, save it were Jared and his family.

3.        Ether 14: 26
26 26 And it came to pass that Shiz did pursue Coriantumr eastward, even to the borders by the seashore,
and there he gave battle unto Shiz for the space of three days.

West 34

1.        2 Ne. 21: 14
14 14 But they shall fly upon the shoulders of the aPhilistines• towards the west; they shall spoil them of the
east together; they shall lay their hand upon bEdom• and cMoab•; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.

2.        2 Ne. 29: 11
11 11 For I command aall• men, both in the east and in the west, and in the north, and in the south, and in the
islands of the sea, that they shall bwrite• the words which I speak unto them; for out of the cbooks which shall
be written I will djudge• the world, every man according to their works, according to that which is written.

3.        Mosiah 27: 6

4.        Alma 2: 34
34 34 And thus he cleared the ground, or rather the bank, which was on the west of the river Sidon, throwing
the bodies of the Lamanites who had been slain into the waters of Sidon, that thereby his people might have
room to cross and contend with the Lamanites and the Amlicites on the west side of the river Sidon.

5.        Alma 2: 36
36 36 And they fled before the Nephites towards the wilderness which was west and north, away beyond the
borders of the land; and the Nephites did pursue them with their might, and did slay them.

6.        Alma 2: 37
37 37 Yea, they were met on every hand, and slain and driven, until they were scattered on the west, and on
the north, until they had reached the wilderness, which was called Hermounts; and it was that part of the
wilderness which was infested by wild and ravenous beasts.

7.        Alma 8: 3
3 3 And it came to pass in the commencement of the *tenth year of the reign of the judges over the people of
Nephi, that Alma departed from thence and took his journey over into the land of aMelek•, on the west of the
briver• Sidon, on the west by the borders of the wilderness.


8.        Alma 22: 28
28 28 Now, the more aidle• part of the Lamanites lived in the wilderness, and dwelt in tents; and they were
spread through the wilderness on the west, in the land of Nephi; yea, and also on the west of the land of
Zarahemla, in the borders by the seashore, and on the west in the land of Nephi, in the place of their fathers’
first inheritance, and thus bordering along by the seashore.

9.        Alma 22: 29
29 29 And also there were many Lamanites on the east by the seashore, whither the Nephites had driven
them. And thus the Nephites were nearly surrounded by the Lamanites; nevertheless the Nephites had taken
possession of all the northern parts of the land bordering on the wilderness, at the head of the river Sidon,
from the east to the west, round about on the wilderness side; on the north, even until they came to the land
which they called aBountiful•.

10.        Alma 22: 32
32 32 And now, it was only the adistance• of a day and a half’s journey for a Nephite, on the line Bountiful and
the land Desolation, from the east to the west sea; and thus the land of Nephi and the land of Zarahemla were
nearly surrounded by water, there being a small bneck• of land between the land northward and the land
southward.

11.        Alma 22: 33
33 33 And it came to pass that the Nephites had inhabited the land Bountiful, even from the east unto the west
sea, and thus the Nephites in their wisdom, with their guards and their armies, had hemmed in the Lamanites
on the south, that thereby they should have no more possession on the north, that they might not overrun the
land northward.

12.        Alma 43: 27
27 27 And it came to pass that Moroni caused that his army should be secreted in the valley which was near
the bank of the river Sidon, which was on the west of the river Sidon in the wilderness.

13.        Alma 43: 32
32 32 And the remainder he concealed in the west avalley•, on the west of the river Sidon, and so down into
the borders of the land Manti.

14.        Alma 43: 53
53 53 Therefore when Zerahemnah saw the men of Lehi on the east of the river Sidon, and the armies of
Moroni on the west of the river Sidon, that they were encircled about by the Nephites, they were struck with
terror.

15.        Alma 50: 8
8 8 And the land of aNephi• did run in a straight course from the east sea to the west.

16.        Alma 50: 11
11 11 And thus he cut off all the strongholds of the Lamanites in the east wilderness, yea, and also on the
west, fortifying the line between the Nephites and the Lamanites, between the land of Zarahemla and the land
of Nephi, from the west sea, running by the head of the ariver• Sidon—the Nephites possessing all the land
bnorthward•, yea, even all the land which was northward of the land Bountiful, according to their pleasure.

17.        Alma 50: 34
34 34 And it came to pass that they did not ahead• them until they had come to the borders of the land
bDesolation•; and there they did head them, by the narrow pass which led by the sea into the land northward,
yea, by the sea, on the west and on the east.

18.        Alma 52: 11
11 11 And he also said unto him, I would come unto you, but behold, the Lamanites are upon us in the borders
of the land by the west sea; and behold, I go against them, therefore I cannot come unto you.

19.        Alma 52: 12
12 12 Now, the king (Ammoron) had adeparted• out of the land of Zarahemla, and had made known unto the
queen concerning the death of his brother, and had gathered together a large number of men, and had
marched forth against the Nephites on the borders by the west sea.

20.        Alma 52: 15
15 15 But behold, it came to pass in the *twenty and seventh year of the reign of the judges, that Teancum, by
the command of Moroni—who had established armies to protect the south and the west borders of the land,
and had begun his march towards the land Bountiful, that he might assist Teancum with his men in retaking the
cities which they had lost—

21.        Alma 52: 22
22 22 Therefore he caused that Teancum should take a small number of men and march down near the
seashore; and Moroni and his army, by night, marched in the wilderness, on the west of the city aMulek•; and
thus, on the morrow, when the guards of the Lamanites had discovered Teancum, they ran and told it unto
Jacob, their leader.

22.        Alma 53: 8
8 8 And now it came to pass that the armies of the Lamanites, on the west sea, south, while in the absence of
Moroni on account of some intrigue amongst the Nephites, which caused adissensions• amongst them, had
gained some ground over the Nephites, yea, insomuch that they had obtained possession of a number of their
cities in that part of the land.

23.        Alma 53: 22
22 22 And now it came to pass that Helaman did march at the head of his atwo• thousand stripling soldiers, to
the support of the people in the borders of the land on the south by the west sea.

24.        Alma 62: 22
22 22 And it came to pass that Moroni caused that his men should march forth and come upon the top of the
wall, and let athemselves• down into that part of the city, yea, even on the west, where the Lamanites did not
camp with their armies.

25.        Alma 63: 5
5 5 And it came to pass that Hagoth, he being an aexceedingly• curious man, therefore he went forth and built
him an exceedingly large ship, on the borders of the land bBountiful•, by the land Desolation, and launched it
forth into the west sea, by the cnarrow• neck which led into the land northward.

26.        Hel. 1: 31
31 31 And now, behold, the Lamanites could not retreat either way, neither on the north, nor on the south, nor
on the east, nor on the west, for they were surrounded on every hand by the Nephites.

27.        Hel. 3: 8
8 8 And it came to pass that they did multiply and spread, and did go forth from the land southward to the land
northward, and did spread insomuch that they began to cover the face of the whole earth, from the sea south
to the sea north, from the sea awest• to the sea east.

28.        Hel. 11: 20
20 20 And thus it did come to pass that the people of Nephi began to prosper again in the land, and began to
build up their waste places, and began to multiply and spread, even until they did acover• the whole face of the
land, both on the northward and on the southward, from the sea west to the sea east.

29.        3 Ne. 1: 17
17 17 And they began to know that the Son of God must shortly appear; yea, in fine, all the people upon the
face of the whole earth from the awest• to the east, both in the land north and in the land south, were so
exceedingly astonished that they fell to the earth.

30.        3 Ne. 20: 13
13 13 And then shall the aremnants•, which shall be bscattered abroad upon the face of the earth, be
cgathered• in from the east and from the west, and from the south and from the north; and they shall be brought
to the dknowledge• of the Lord their God, who hath redeemed them.

31.        Morm. 2: 6
6 6 And we marched forth and came to the land of Joshua, which was in the borders west by the seashore.

Westward – none

Rivers

There is no mention of any rivers by name in book of Mormon Lands other than the river Sidon. There are,
however, the following two references to lands of many rivers.
1.        Hel. 3: 4
4 4 And they did travel to an exceedingly great distance, insomuch that they came to alarge• bodies of water
and many rivers.

2.        Morm. 6: 4
4 4 And it came to pass that we did march forth to the land of Cumorah, and we did pitch our tents around
about the hill Cumorah; and it was in a land of amany• waters, rivers, and fountains; and here we had hope to
gain advantage over the Lamanites.

These may or may not be the same place.

Hills and Mountains

There are 21 references to a hill in the Book of Mormon
There are no specific mountains named in Book of Mormon lands however there are 30 references to
mountains as expected from the accepted  locality of  the Book of Mormon lands.


Notes